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What Causes Gum Overgrowth and How Is It Corrected?

January 4, 2022

Filed under: Uncategorized — Megan Shelton @ 9:42 pm
gummy smile illustration

Imagine you are brushing your teeth one evening in front of your bathroom mirror and you suddenly notice something about yourself that may have been developing for some time. “Why are my gums growing over my teeth?” you wonder. Perhaps seen as a purely aesthetic issue by some people, gum overgrowth can lead to a higher risk of periodontal disease and tooth decay. If you want to learn more about why this problem occurs and what you can do to treat it, your dentist in Carlsbad is here to shed light on the topic so you can make an informed decision about your oral health.

Why Are My Gums Growing Over My Teeth?

Also known as gingival hyperplasia, gum overgrowth is a condition that results in the soft tissues surrounding your teeth covering much of the natural tooth structure. There are many causes of gum overgrowth, such as:

  • Gum disease: When your gums appear red and inflamed, the tissue may begin to bleed when brushing or flossing. If caught early on, your symptoms can dissipate but only if you practice good oral hygiene and see your dentist for regular cleanings.
  • Medications: If you take certain medications to prevent seizures, manage heart conditions, or lower your body’s immune system activity, it can cause your gums to grow.
  • Genetics: Although there’s not much you can do to prevent gum overgrowth caused by genetics; you can at least take action to learn how to treat the problem and prevent more severe conditions.
  • Systemic health conditions: Pregnancy, leukemia, HIV, lymphoma, vitamin deficiencies, diabetes, and anemia can each lead to gingival hyperplasia.

How Can Gum Overgrowth Negatively Impact My Smile?

Apart from the aesthetic imperfections gum overgrowth can cause, this excess tissue can be harmful to your teeth, gums, and jawbone. Over time, if gum disease develops and remains untreated, it can begin to destroy your teeth and jawbone.

As a result, your teeth may become loose and even fall out, especially if your facial structure begins to deteriorate. If the infection and inflammation enter the bloodstream, you could experience everything from neurological disorders (dementia, Alzheimer’s), poor gut health, diabetes, kidney disease, respiratory illness, and cardiovascular disease.

What Can I Do to Correct a Gummy Smile?

If you notice symptoms associated with gum disease, seek professional treatment. Scaling and root planing is a safe and effective way to remove plaque and tartar to improve your gum health. You can also ask your dentist about surgical options. With laser therapy, they can quickly eliminate the overgrowth to create an even gumline without excessive bleeding or swelling. Plus, you will heal faster and avoid potential reinfection.

You can also:

  • Maintain optimal oral hygiene by brushing, flossing, and rinsing regularly
  • Eat healthier foods that are rich in nutrients and vitamins while limiting your intake of sugars and starches
  • Find ways to lower your stress, as this is a common culprit of gum disease
  • See your dentist for general checkups and cleanings

Treating excess gum tissue will allow you to better manage your oral health and embrace a more aesthetically pleasing smile. What you shouldn’t do is disregard the issue and decide to never discuss it with your dentist in Carlsbad.

About the Practice

At Polished General Dentistry, we strive to create a fun and supportive dental office atmosphere where patients can look forward to optimal treatment and stellar results. It’s a priority to show you respect and kindness. We offer a wide array of treatments at our office location, dental insurance is accepted, and we’re already ready to serve as your emergency dentist. If you ever need help to address gum overgrowth, we offer scaling and root planing, plus our advanced soft-tissue lasers can create an even gumline that will allow you to heal quickly. You can schedule an appointment on our website or by calling (760) 434-9800.

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